In 1854 a French chemist Henry Etiene Sainte-Claire Deville, discovered a method for the cheap industrial production of aluminium. This substantially reduced the price of aluminium to about one tenth of the original price.
Deville also modified the name to the commonly used, aluminium.
In spite of that, people searched for other methods of production. This was achieved by a French metallurgist Paul Luis Héroult and, independently of him, by an American Charles Martin Hall in 1886, when they discovered electrolysis as an industrial manufacturing method. This method was the basis for today's production of aluminium.